10 Basic Câu Phrases You Should Know in Vietnamese

10 Basic Câu Phrases You Should Know in Vietnamese

10 Basic Câu Phrases You Should Know in Vietnamese


Have you ever wanted to visit Vietnam or communicate with the Vietnamese people? Learning a few basic phrases can go a long way in making your experience more enjoyable and meaningful. In this article, we will explore the top 10 basic câu phrases that you should know in Vietnamese. These phrases will help you navigate through day-to-day interactions, express yourself, and connect with the locals. Let’s dive in!

1. Greetings and Introductions

Starting a conversation with a warm greeting is always a great way to break the ice. The Vietnamese culture places high importance on politeness, so mastering these phrases will help you make a good impression:

a. Xin chào (Hello)

This is a basic greeting used at any time of the day. It is pronounced as “sin chow” and can be used to say hello to anyone, regardless of their age or status.

b. Chào buổi sáng (Good morning)

If you want to greet someone specifically in the morning, use this phrase. It is pronounced as “chow buoy sang” and is a polite way to start the day.

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c. Tên tôi là… (My name is…)

When introducing yourself, use this phrase followed by your name. For example, “Tên tôi là John” means “My name is John.” It is pronounced as “ten toy la…”

2. Expressing Gratitude

Showing appreciation is an important aspect of Vietnamese culture. These phrases will help you express your gratitude:

a. Cảm ơn (Thank you)

Use this phrase to say thank you. It is pronounced as “kahm uhn” and can be used in any situation where you want to express gratitude.

b. Xin lỗi (I’m sorry)

If you make a mistake or accidentally bump into someone, use this phrase to apologize. It is pronounced as “sin loy” and will help you show respect and humility.

3. Asking for Help

When you find yourself in need of assistance, these phrases will come in handy:

a. Bạn có thể giúp tôi được không? (Can you help me?)

Use this phrase when you need someone’s assistance. It is pronounced as “bahn koh tay goop toy duc kohng” and can be used in various situations.

b. Tôi không hiểu (I don’t understand)

If you’re having trouble understanding something, use this phrase. It is pronounced as “toy kohng hyoo” and will help you communicate your confusion.

4. Ordering Food

Exploring Vietnamese cuisine is a must-do when visiting Vietnam. These phrases will help you order your favorite dishes:

a. Cho tôi một… (Give me one…)

Use this phrase when ordering a specific item. For example, “Cho tôi một phở” means “Give me one bowl of pho.” It is pronounced as “cho toy mot…”

b. Tôi muốn… (I want…)

If you want to express your desire for a particular dish or drink, use this phrase. It is pronounced as “toy mwan…” For example, “Tôi muốn một cà phê” means “I want a coffee.”

5. Asking for Directions

Getting around in a new city can be challenging, but these phrases will help you navigate:

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a. Xin lỗi, tôi muốn đến… (Excuse me, I want to go to…)

Use this phrase when asking for directions. For example, “Xin lỗi, tôi muốn đến bảo tàng” means “Excuse me, I want to go to the museum.” It is pronounced as “sin loy, toy mwan denc bow tung.”

b. Bạn có thể chỉ đường cho tôi được không? (Can you show me the way?)

If you’re lost and need someone to guide you, use this phrase. It is pronounced as “bahn koh tay chee dwohng choh toy duc kohng.”


Learning a few basic câu phrases in Vietnamese can greatly enhance your travel experience and help you connect with the locals. From greetings and expressions of gratitude to asking for help and ordering food, these phrases cover essential aspects of daily communication. So, start practicing these phrases and embrace the rich culture and language of Vietnam. Remember, a little effort goes a long way in creating meaningful connections and unforgettable experiences.

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